Mother's milk is a natural food for young children - it was so in the course of centuries of human evolution. And only such food can support high rates of physical and neuropsychic development and functional maturation of the baby's organs and systems.
For how long to breastfeed?
As for the duration of breastfeeding, there is no consensus. Some believes that it is inappropriate to breastfeed after a year, some feeds until the end of paid leave to care for the child, and those who support radical views believe that the baby can get mother's milk for as long as he wants.
The general opinion is that a child in the first half of life should receive only breastmilk, which contains all the necessary nutrients and water. From six months, breast milk remains useful for the child, but can no longer provide all the nutritional needs of the baby, and therefore from this age, along with the milk of the mother, so-called "lures" are introduced into the ration.
Breast milk has a unique feature: at each stage of development of the baby, milk contains exactly those biological substances (hormones, growth factors, etc.) that are not found in any other baby food, and which will ensure its proper development at the moment.
Advantages of long-term breastfeeding
Scientific research proves that in the second year of life (and even after two or more years) milk remains a valuable source of proteins, fats, enzymes, proteins and fats for the intestine; hormones, vitamins and trace elements that are quickly and easily digested. The content of vitamins and trace elements in breastmilk can vary depending on the mother's diet, but with a balanced one, it always meets the child's needs. For example, with breastfeeding in the second year of life, the baby is protected from vitamin A deficiency, which is necessary for the normal formation and functioning of the eyes, skin, hair, and vitamin K, which prevents the occurrence of bleeding. In addition, the female milk contains the optimal amount of iron, which is very well absorbed in the intestines of the baby and prevents the development of iron deficiency anemia.
It is interesting to note that every pathogenic microorganism that affects the mother stimulates the production of immunoglobulins presenсe in milk and than passed received to the child. The concentration of these substances in the breastmilk increases with the age of a baby and with a reduction feeding frequency, which allows older children to receive strong immune support.
Breastfeeding provides an optimal ratio of fat and muscle tissue in the child's body and the optimal ratio of length and body weight. The child's physical development corresponds to his biological age, does not outstrip him and does not lag behind.
The formation of the bite, the structure of the face, the development of speech in children is also determined by the duration of natural feeding. This is due to the active involvement of the muscles of the soft palate in the process of obtaining milk from the breast. Children, long-breast-fed, better reproduce the tonality and frequency of sounds.
An important role is played by the emotional aspect of prolonged natural feeding. A special connection, psychological attachment, which is established between the mother and the baby during the breastfeeding, is preserved for life. Neuropsychic development of such children can be more advanced, they are better adapted in adult life. It is the process of breastfeeding that helps in the formation of the soul and personality, inherent by human only.